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初中英语语法大全——形容词、副词

  • 作者:ROR体育app下载
  • 发布时间:2021-11-25 01:07
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本文摘要:形容词:用来说明或修饰名词、代词的词称为形容词。1、形容词的句法作用:作句子中名词的定语、句子的表语以及宾语补足语。 2、形容词在句子中的位置:⑴作定语时放在名词的前面,且音节少的词放在音节多的词之前。如:a big yellow wooden wheel(一个黄色的大木轮)⑵作表语时放在连系动词之后。如:The price sounds reasonable.(这个价钱听起来算是合理)⑶作宾语补足语时放在宾语之后。

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形容词:用来说明或修饰名词、代词的词称为形容词。1、形容词的句法作用:作句子中名词的定语、句子的表语以及宾语补足语。

2、形容词在句子中的位置:⑴作定语时放在名词的前面,且音节少的词放在音节多的词之前。如:a big yellow wooden wheel(一个黄色的大木轮)⑵作表语时放在连系动词之后。如:The price sounds reasonable.(这个价钱听起来算是合理)⑶作宾语补足语时放在宾语之后。如:We must try our best to keep our environment clean.(我们必须努力保持我们的情况清洁)⑷后置的情况:①修饰复合不定代词时放在代词之后。

如:Something serious has happened to him.(他发生了严重的事故)②与表现“长、宽、高、重、老、远离”的词连用时形容词后置。如:He’s 1.8 metres tall.(他身高1.8米。)The moon is about 380,000 kilometres away from the earth.(月球离的38万公里)3、有关形容词的用法辨析:⑴ whole与all:记着两个词序:① the whole + 名词; ②all (of) the + 名词。如:He was busy the whole morning.(整个早晨他都很忙) / He can remember all the words he learns.(他能记着学过的所有单词)⑵ tall与high, short与low:指人的个子时用tall与short;指其他事物时一般用high与low。

如:He’s very tall/short.(他个子高/矮) / Tall trees are standing on both sides of that avenue.(大道的两侧有高峻的树木) / A few people live on high mountains.(少量的人住在高山上)⑶ real与true:real一般指工具的真假,译为“真的”;而true则指事情或消息的可靠性,译为“真实的”。如:This is a real diamond(钻石) and it’s very expensive.(这是货真价实的钻石,很是贵) / --Is that true?—Yes. I heard it with my own ears.(那真实吗? 是的,我亲耳所听)⑷ interested与interesting的区别:interesting指人或工具“有趣的”,作定语或表语,而interested则表现人对此外事物“感兴趣的”,只能作表语。如:The man is very interesting and all the children like him. (这小我私家很有趣,孩子们都喜欢他)/ This book is interesting and you can really enjoy yourself.(这本书很有趣,你会真正获得享受) / I am interested in science.(我对自然科学感兴趣)⑸ such用法: such + a(n) + 名词(单数)(+that从句)。

如:I have never seen such a foolish(愚蠢的) boy.(我从来没有见过这么蠢的男孩) / He had such a terrible accident that he could never forget it.(他遭遇了这么恐怖的事故,他永远也不会忘记)⑹ good与well:表现“好”时,作定语或表语用good,作状语用well;表现“(身体)好”时用well.如:Doing sports is good for us.(举行运动对我们有益) / Study well and make progress every day.(好勤学习,天天向上) / --How are you?—I am very well.(你好吗?我很好。)⑺ nice与fine的区别:nice表现令人愉快的,可以指工具、人物外表等;fine一般指身体或天气好。如:Let’s go and share(分享) the nice cake.(我们去分享那块鲜味的蛋糕吧) / She is a nice girl.(他是个漂亮的女人) / What a fine day!(多好的天气!) /He’s finerecently(最近).(迩来他身体不错)⑻ too much与much too:too much表现“太多的”,修饰事物数量;much too表现“太过,太过”,修饰形容词或副词。如:I am full because I have had too much rice.(我饱了,因为我吃了太多的米饭) / That coat is much too dear.(那件大衣太贵了)⑼ quick、fast与soon:quick与fast基本同义,quick往往指反映速度快,fast往往指运动速度快,而soon则表现时间上很快即将发生。

如:After a quick breakfast, he hurried to school leaving his bag at home.(急忙地吃过早饭,他朝学校赶去,却把书包忘记在家) / A train is much faster than a bus.(火车比公共汽车快得多) / His father will be back toChinavery soon.(他父亲很快就要返回中国)⑽lonely与alone:lonely是表现心理运动的形容词,意思是:“孤苦的,寥寂的”,作定语或表语;alone的意思是:“独自的,单独的”,指无人陪同,仅作表语,(作为副词的alone可作状语)。如:He lives alone but he doesn’t feel lonely.(他一人独住,可是并不感应孤苦)/ He is a lonely person. You can not easily get on well with him.(他是个孤苦的人,你要和他相处好实在不易)⑾ other与else的区别:两个词都可以作形容词,可是用法差别,other放在名词前;else修饰不定代词、疑问词、little、much,后置,另外,or else表现“否则”,是连词。如:The other students are on the playground.(其他学生在操场上) / Who else can work out this maths problem?(另有谁能解出这道数学题?) / This is nobody else’s money. It’s mine.(这不是此外什么人的钱,是我的。

) / Do you have anything else to say for yourself?(你另有什么要为自己说的吗?⑿ special与especial的区别:表现事件差别寻常、太过或特殊时,两个词可交换,但special较为常用。另外,special还可以表现特此外目的。如: She pays (e)special attention to clothes.(她很是注重着装) / These are special chairs for small children.(这些是专门给小孩子的椅子)⒀ gone、lost、missing的区别:gone表现“丢了,没了”,含一去不复返的意思,也可以表现“死了”,作表语或宾补,不行以作定语;lost表现“丢失”,含难以找回的意思,可作定语、表语或宾补;missing表现“失踪了,不见了”,强调某人物不在原处,可作定语、表语或宾补。

如:My fever(高烧) is gone, but I still have a cough.(发烧消退了,但我仍然咳嗽) / The parents found the lost child at last.(家长终于找到了迷路的孩子) / My dictionary is missing.Who’s taken it away?(我的字典不见了,谁拿走了?) / For more detailed information(详情) of the missing girls, please visit our website(网址).(如果想知道失踪女孩们的详情,请会见我们的网站)⒁ living、alive、live、lively的区别:四个词都泉源于动词live“生活、居住”。living读[‘liviN]有三个意思:①“在世的、现存的”,作表语或定语,②“一模一样的、传神的”,③相当于lively,意思是“强烈的、生动的”;live读[laiv],指工具“活的”,可以替换为living;alive读[[‘laiv]作表语,指人“在世的”,如果作定语,则放在名词的后面;lively读[‘laivli]有三个意思:①有生气的、生动的、快活的,②(色彩)鲜艳的,③生动的、真实的。例如:A living language should be learned orally(口头上).(活的语言应该从口头上学)(被动句) / We have a living hope that you will succeed.(我们强烈地希望你能乐成) / Is she still alive?(她还在世吗?) / They are the happiest children alive.(他们是在世的最开心的孩子) / This is a live fish.(这是条活鱼) / A live wire(电线) is dangerous.(有电的电线是危险的) / She is as lively as a kitten(小猫).(她像小猫一样可爱) / He gave a livelydescription of the football match.(他生动地形貌了那场足球赛)⒂ sick与ill区别:sick和ill都表现“生病的”,可是,sick可以做定语、表语,而ill只能做表语。如:He has been ill/sick for a long time and he is very weak now.(他病了良久,现在很是虚弱) / Vets help treat sick pets and most of the pets’ owners like them.(兽医资助诊治患病的宠物,很受宠物主人们的喜爱)⒃ the poor(穷人们) / the rich(富人们)等用法:“the+形容词”这一结构可以表现一类人物,复数寄义。

如:We must try our best to help the poor.(我们应该努力资助穷人们) / The rich never know how the poor are living.(有钱人哪知穷人怎么过日子)副词:用来说明事情发生的时间、所在、原因、方式等寄义或说明其它形容词或副词水平的词叫做副词。副词1、副词在句子中的位置以及作用:⑴做状语:① 时间副词:一般放在句首或句尾,注意,early、late、before、later、yet等一般放在句尾,already、just一般放在动词的前面。如:We will visit the Great Wall tomorrow.(我们明天要去观光长城) / They have already been to theUKtwice.(他们去过英王国两次) / Soon the lost boy found his way back home.(不久迷路的孩子找到了回家的路)② 频度副词:一般放在be动词之后或者助动词与主要动词之间,但sometimes、often等还可以放在句首或句尾,usually可放在句首,once可放在句尾,twice、three times等一般放在句尾。

如:Sometimes I get up early.(我有时起得早)/ The workers usually have lunch at the factory.(工人们通常在厂里吃午饭) / Take this medicine twice a day.(这种药一天吃两次)③ 方式副词:一般放在行为动之后,suddenly可以放在句首、句尾或动词之前。如:Old people can hardly walk as quickly as young people.(暮年人险些不行能走得和年轻人一样快) / Suddenly he saw a light in the dark cave(山洞).(突然,在黑黢黢的山洞里,他瞥见了一丝亮光)④ 所在副词:一般放在句尾,但here、there还可放在句首。如:There you can see thousands of bikes running in all directions(偏向).(在那里,你可以看到成千上万的自行车朝各个偏向流动) / The frightened wolf ran away.(受到惊吓的狼逃开了)/ He walked out quietly and turned back soon.(他悄悄地走了出去,很快又返回)⑤ 水平副词:修饰动词时,放在动词之前;修饰形容词或副词时,放在形容词或副词之前。

但注意,enough总是放在被修饰的形容词或动词的后面;only位置比力灵活,总是放在被修饰的词的前面。如:I nearly forgot all about it if he did not tell me again.(如果他不再次告诉我,我险些把那事全忘了) / It was so strange that I could hardly believe my ears.(它那么奇怪一直我都不能相信我的耳朵) / She got to the station early enough to catch the first bus.(她早早地赶到车站遇上了首班车)⑥ 疑问副词:用于对句子的状语举行提问,位置总是在句首。如:When and where were you born?(你何时何地出生?)/ Why did little Edison sit on some eggs?(小爱迪生为什么要坐在鸡蛋上?)/ How do you do?(你好!)⑦ 毗连副词:用来引导主语从句、宾语从句和表语从句,在从句中作状语。How I am going to kill the cat is still a question.(我计划怎样杀死那只猫还是个问题)/ That is why everyone is afraid of the tiger.(那就是人人都畏惧老虎的原因) / He wondered how he could do it the next day.(他不知道第二天怎样做那事)⑧ 关系副词:用来引导定语从句,在从句中作状语。

如:This is the place where Mr Zhang once lived.(这就是张先生曾经住过的地方)/ Please tell me the way how you have learned English so well.(请告诉我你的英语是怎样学得这么好的方法)⑨ 其它副词:too“也”,用在句尾;also放在动词前;either “也不”,放在句尾;nor“也不”,放在句首;so“如此,这样”,放在形容词、副词前;on/off“开/关”放在动词之后;not放在be之后、助动词之后、不定式或动名词之前;maybe/perhaps放在句首;certainly放在句首或动词之前。如:He went to the Palace Museum and I went there,too.(他去了故宫博物院,我也去了) / Maybe your ticket is in your inside pocket.(也许你的票就在你的里边衣袋里) / --Tom doesn’t have a computer. –Nor do I.(汤姆没有盘算机,我也没有。

)(2)作表语:所在副词一般可以作表语,放在be等连系动词之后,说明人物所处的位置。如:I’m very sorry he isn’t in at the moment.(很歉仄,他现在不在家)/ I have been away from my hometown for nearly 20 years.(我脱离家乡有快要20年了) / Jim is over there.(吉姆就在那里)(3)作定语:时间副词(如now、then)以及许多所在副词都可以作名词的定语,放在名词的后面。

如:People now often have their festival dinners at restaurants.(现在的人们经常在餐馆里吃节日晚宴) / Women there were living a terrible life in the 1920s.(在二十世纪20年月那儿的女人过着恐怖的日子)(4)作宾语补足语:所在副词一般可以作宾语补足语。如:Put your dirty socks away, Jim! They are giving out bad smell!(吉姆,把你的脏袜子拿开!它们在散发着臭气。

) / Father kept him in and doing his lessons.(父亲把他关在家里做作业)[注意] “动词+副词”的宾语如果是代词,则该副词应该放在代词之后。如:He wrote down the word.(他写下了谁人词。)→He wrote it down.(他把它写了下来。

)2、有关副词的重要注释:⑴ as…as…常组成一些词组:as soon as…(一旦…就…), as well as…(同样), as+形容词/副词+as possible(尽可能……地)。如:Please ring me up as soon as you get to Beijing.(请你一到北京就给我写信。)/ Miss Gao hurried to the school gate as quickly as possible.(高小姐尽快地赶到了校门口。) [注释] “as long / much as + 名词”可以表现“长达/多达…”的寄义。

如:The house costs as much as five hundred thousand yuan.(那幢屋子花费高达50万元。)/ They stayed in the cave(山洞)as long as two weeks.(他们呆在山洞里长达两周。)⑵ later、after、ago、before的用法:①“一段时间+later/ago”划分表现“(多久)以后/以前”,主要用于已往时态。②“after/before+某个时刻”划分表现“在某时刻之后/之前”,此时两个词是介词。

③ago与before:ago只能用于已往时,before用于完成时。如:He had an accident a week ago.(一周前出了一个事故)/ Some years later, the boy became a very famous singer.(数年后这个男孩成了著名的歌颂家)/ Have you been there before?(你从前到过那儿吗?)/ After a few years he gave up smoking.(过了几年他戒了烟。

)⑶ above、below、over、under的用法:在上下方用above和below,在崎岖处用over和under.如:The stars are high above in the sky.(星星高挂在空中) / A plane flew over quickly.(一架飞机重新顶飞过。)当above、below、over、under是介词性质时,意义相似。⑷ too、also、either、nor的用法:too(“也”)用于肯定句和疑问句的末尾,且用逗号离隔;also(“也”)用于肯定句句的谓语动词之前;either(“也”)用于否认句末尾,也用逗号离隔;nor(“也不”)用于倒装句句首;如:Are you American,too?(你也是美国人吗?)/ He is not happy and I am not happy, either.(他不愉快,我也不。

) / He didn’t watch the football game. Nor did I.(他没有看足球赛,我也没有。)/ You can also find the market is very good.(你还可以觉察谁人市场很好。

)⑸ enough、too、so、very、quite、very much的用法: enough (“足够,十分”)放在形容词或副词之后;too(“太”)、very(“很是”)、quite(“相当”)、so(“如此地”)等放在形容词或副词之前,very much(“很是”)放在动词之后。如:It’s too/so/very/quite expensive.(它太贵/那么贵/很是贵/相当贵。)/ I don’t like sweets very much.(我不很喜欢糖果) [注意] very与 much的区别:very修饰形容词、副词的原级和现在分词形容词,much修饰形容词和副词的比力级;much还可以修饰疑问句和否认句中的动词,very不行以。

如:He is very stupid.(他很笨)/ The film was very moving and everyone swept.(影戏很是感人,大家都哭了)/ You must work much harder or you will fail to enter the good school.(你得学习更努力,否则你考不进那所勤学校)/ I don’t like him much.(我不太喜欢他)⑹ sometimes、 sometime、 some times 、some time的用法:sometimes(有时)用于一般现在时、 sometime(在未来某时)用于未来时、 some times(数次)表现次数、some time(一些时间)表现一段时间。如:Sometimes they go hiking in the mountains.(他们有时徒步旅行到山里去)/ I will stay here some time.(我会在这儿呆些时候的。)/ I will meet your father sometime.(我什么时候要见见你的父亲。)⑺ how、what用于叹息句的用法:对句子中的形容词或副词叹息时用how,对人或事物(可能含有形容词作修饰语)举行叹息用what. 如:What a fine day (it is) today!(今天天气真好!) / How difficult (the problem is)!((问题)真难呀!)⑻ already、yet的用法:在完成时中,already一般用于肯定句,yet一般用于否认句和疑问句。

如:Have you done it already?(你已经做好了?) / I have not had my breakfast yet.(我还没有吃早饭呢。)⑼ hard与hardly的用法:hard作为副词意思是:“努力地,猛烈地”,hardly是否认词,意思是:“险些不”,一般与情态动词can/could连用。如:They study English very hard.(他们英语学得很受苦)/ You can hardly see a person spit in a public place.(在公开场合你险些看不到一小我私家随地吐痰)⑽ like...very much、like...better(=prefer)、like...best的用法:三个短语划分表现“很是喜欢”、“更喜欢”、“最喜欢”。如:I like baseball very much.(我很是喜欢棒球)/ Do you like butter better than cheese?( / They like hamburgers best.⑾“quite/what+a+形容词+名词”的用法:记着:①quite/such/what...+a+形容词+名词;②too/so/how+形容词+a+名词;③rather+a+形容词+名词 = a+ rather+形容词+名词。

如:I have never seen such a strange guy(家伙).(我从未见过这样奇怪的家伙) / It is quite a nice day for a walk.(这真是散步的好日子)⑿ how 的几个短语:how often“多常,每隔多久”,用于一般时态,对表现频度的词语举行提问; how soon“多久以后”,用于未来时态; how long“多久”,用于已往时、完成时或其他时态; how many times“几多次”,用于已往时或完成时,对总计次数举行提问; how much“何等,几多”,对水平举行提问,也可以对数量(不行数)或款项举行提问。如:How long have you been like this?(你这样已经多久了?)/ How often does he wash his face?(他每隔多久洗一次脸?)⒀ much、more与most的用法:这三个词除了是形容词作名词的修饰语之外,还是水平副词,much表现“很”,修饰原级形/副,more表现“更”用来组成多音节形/副的比力级,most表现“最”用来组成多音节形/副的最高级。此外,much也可以修饰比力级形/副。

如:This park is much more beautiful than that one.(这个公园比谁人漂亮多了)/ It is the most instructive film I have ever seen.(这是我看过的最有教育意义的影戏)⒁ no more、no longer、not...any more、no...any longer的用法:表现时间,可以用no longer、not...ny more、no...any longer,而且no longer只能放在谓语动词之前;表现水平,可以用no more、not...any more.如:He no longer lived there.(他不再住在那里) / Tom wanted no more cakes.(他不想再要蛋糕) / He didn’ t smoke any more/longer.(他不再吸烟)⒂ 被动语态中,方式副词一般放在be与谓语动词之间。如: The runner was badly hurt.(赛跑运发动受了重伤) / English is widely spoken in the world today.(如今世界上英语说得很广泛)⒃ too...to...与so...that...的问题:副词too/so后面跟形容词或副词,to后面跟动词,that后面跟随句。Too...to... (“太.……以致不……”)是否认的结构,用于简朴句;so...that...(“如此…以致…”)是肯定结构,用于复合句。如:The child is too young to join the army.(这孩子年事太小还不能参军)/ He is so strong that he can lift the heavy box.(他这么强壮,搬得动谁人重箱子。

)⒄ 既是形容词也是副词的单词有:early, late, long, last, next, first, near, enough, much, all, hard, alone, fast, slow, high, low, straight等等。如:It was a long holiday.(那是个长假)/ He stayed there very long.(他在那儿呆了很久)/ Think hard then you will find a way.(好好想你就会找到措施)/ He is a very hard(难敷衍的) person.(他是个难玩的家伙)⒅ farther与further的用法区别:表现所在、偏向或距离时两个词同义,意思为“更远、较远”,可是further还表现“更多、进一步、分外”等意思,此时不能换为farther. 如:They decided to go farther/further the next day.(他们决议第二天走得再远些)/ This problem will be further discussed.(这个问题还要进一步讨论)/ Every one of them had their further studies after they left college.(他们每小我私家大学结业后继续学习)⒆ rather与quite的用法区别:同very一样,两个词都表现形容词或副词的水平,quite表现“不到最高水平可是比预料的好”,rather比quite更靠近very的寄义,含有令人惊讶的意思。如:It’s quite a nice film.(这是部好片子)。(可能意味着不是一部最好的影戏) / It’s rather a nice film.(这是部很不错的影戏。

)(意味着比大多数影戏都好) [注意]注意quite与rather后面的序次序次。⒇ maybe、possibly、perhaps的区别:maybe“可能、也许”,比另外两个词更不正式、更随便、可能性不大;possibly“可能地、或者、也许”,可能性较大,在否认句和疑问句中表现“无论如何”;perhaps“可能”,较为常用而且正式,可能性也不大。

如:You could put it over there,maybe.(也许你可以把它放在那里) / I couldn’t possibly have finished such a long book in such a short time.(我不行能在这么短的时间内完成这么长的一本书)/ I thought perhaps it was the letter you have been expecting.(我以为那也许就是你期盼的信件)(21) most、mostly的区别:most作为形容词和名词时意思是“大多数的、大部门的”,作为副词时意思为“最,十分、很”;mostly仅为副词,意思为“主要地、多数地、大部门地”。如:I was at home most of the time when I was free.(我有空时大部门时间都在家)Most children are naughty.(大部门的孩子都淘气)/ This is the most exciting part of the film.(这是影戏中最令人兴奋的部门)/She is mostly out on Sundays.(星期天她一般不在家)(22) (be) worth、(be) worthy of的区别:worth一般被看作是介词,后面接名词或者动名词,用主动表现被动寄义,还可以用副词well修饰;worthy of表现“值得的、配得上的”,后面跟动名词的被动形式。如:What is worth doing at all is worth doing well(通常值得做的,就值得好好去做). / The house is worth ¥300,000.(屋子价值30万元)/ This book is well worth reading several times.(这本书值得好好读几遍)/ It is a thing worthy of being seen.(这是一个值得看的工具)(23)almost、nearly的区别:两个词意思相近,都表现“险些、快要”,大多数情况下可以交换,与否认词连用时用almost不用nearly. almost no 相当于hardly any(险些没有)。

如:He had done almost nothing today.(他今天险些没有干什么) / We are almost/nearly there.(我们险些就到那里了)/ Almost nobody/Hardly anybody understood his words.(险些没有人懂他的话)(24) a bit与a little的区别:这两个名词短语经常看成副词使用,修饰形容词或副词的原级或比力级,可以交换,语气比rather弱。如:This digital camera is a bit(a little) expensive.(这台数码相机有点贵)/ It is a little(a bit) colder than yesterday.(今天比昨天冷了点) 另外,a little可以直接加不行数名词,a bit 则接纳“a bit + of +名词(不行数或可数名词复数)”的形式。如:I have got a bit of a cold.(我有点伤风)/ Go and get a little water for me, please.(请你去给我搞点水来)[注意] not a bit(=not at all)意为“基础不”,而 not a little则意为“很是,不是一点”。

形容词、 副词的原级、比力级和最高级1、分类:形容词和副词有原级、比力级和最高级三级。原级变为比力级和最高级有规则变化和不规则变化两种。

2、规则变化:(1)单音节和部门双音节形容词和副词,在原级的后面加上er,est组成比力级和最高级。a)直接加er,est :b)以重读闭音节末端的,要双写最后一个辅音字母,后加er,est:c)以辅音字母+y末端的,先把y改为i再加上er,est:(2)两个音节或两个以上的音节的,在原级前加more / most.3、不规则变化:原级比力级最高级good好的better更好的best最好的well好;(身体)好的,bad,badly糟糕的,糟糕地worse更糟糕的,更糟糕的;(身体)更不舒服的worst最糟糕的,最糟糕地;(身体)最不舒服的ill(身体)不舒服的many许多的(可数)more更多的;更most最多的;最much许多的(不行数);很是little少的less更少的least最少的far远的;远地farther更远的;更远地farthest最远的;最远地further进一步的(地)furthest最深刻的(地)形容词和副词的原级、比力级和最高级的用法:(1)讲述某人/物自身的情况时,用原级。基本句型是: 主语(sb./sth) + 谓语动词 + (very/too/so/quite/rather…) + 形容词/副词原级 +…. 如:He is very old now.(他现在很老了) / They ran quite fast.(它们跑得相当快) / The weather looks rather bad.(天气看上去相当糟) / I am so happy!(我是如此的快乐) ☆表现两者之间没有差异时,使用句型: 主语(第一小我私家物) + 谓语动词 + as + 形容词/副词原级 + as + 第二小我私家物 +…. 如:He is as excited as his younger sister.(他和他妹妹一样兴奋)/ Lily rode her bike as slowly as an old lady.(莉莉骑车像老太太一样慢)/ They picked as many apples as the farmers (did).(他们摘的苹果和农民一样多) ☆表现第一小我私家比不上第二小我私家时,使用句型: 主语(第一小我私家物) + 谓语动词(否认式) + as / so + 形容词/副词原级 + as + 第二小我私家物+…. 如:He is not so / as excited as his younger sister.(他没他妹妹那么兴奋) / Lily did not ride her bike so / as slowly as an old lady. (莉莉骑车不像老太太那样慢) / They didn’t pick so / as many apples as the farmers (did). (他们摘的苹果不如农民多)(2) 讲述两者有差异,第一小我私家物凌驾第二小我私家物时,用比力级。基本句型:主语(‘A’)+谓语动词+(much/a little/even/still)+形容词/副词比力级+than+第二小我私家物(‘B’)+…. 如:A modern train is much faster than a car.(现代的火车比轿车快多了) / This book didn’t cost me more than that one.(这本书花费我的钱不比那本多) 讲述两者有差异,第一小我私家物不及第二小我私家物时,用比力级。

句型是:主语(‘A’) + 谓语动词 + less+ (多音节形/副)比力级 + than + 第二小我私家物(‘B’) +…. 如:I think English is less difficult than maths.(我认为英语不比数学难)/ Do you think it less important to learn a foreign language?(你认为学外语不那么重要吗?)(3)讲述某人/物是一群之中最突出的一个时,用最高级。句型是: 主语(sb./sth) + 谓语动词 +(the) +形容词/副词最高级 +in / of …. 如:The Changjiang River is the longest in China.(长江是中国最长的河流) / He jumped (the) highest of the three (boys).(三个男生中他跳得最高)关于比力品级的重要注释:1、以上六个句型中,如果动词是及物或不及物动词,则后面用副词;如果后面是连系动词,则后面用形容词。如:This car is the fastest of the four.(形容词)(这辆汽车是四辆之中最快的)/ This car runs (the) fastest of the four.(副词)(这辆汽车是四辆之中跑得最快的)2、“比力级+and+比力级”表现“越来越……”。

如:The weather is getting warmer and warmer.(天越来越温暖了)3、“the+比力级…,the+比力级…”表现“越…就越…”。如:The more trees we plant,the better it will be.(我们栽的树越多,情况就会越好)/ The harder you try,the greater your progress is.(你越是努力,进步就越大)4、一般的形容词或副词的比力级前面可以加much/a little/even/still,而表现数量的more之前还可以加some/ any/ no/ one/ two/ many/ several/ a lot等词。如:It is much colder today than yesterday.(今天比昨天冷多了)/ Would you like some more coffee?(你还要些咖啡吗?)/He did not eat any more.(他没有再吃)5、more than / less than划分可以明白为“多于/少于”,相当于副词,more than=over; less than=under.如:I lived in New York for more than four months.(我在纽约生活了四个多月)6、“one of the +最高级+名词(复数)”整个短语为单数寄义,谓语要用单数形式。

如:One of the oldest houses has been burnt in a fire.(最古老的一幢屋子在一场大火中被烧毁了)7、“Which / Who+动词+形/副,□,□or□?”句型中,如果有两个选项,形/副用比力级,如果有三个选项,形/副用最高级。如:Who has more books, Lin Tao or Han Mei?(林涛和韩梅谁的书最多?)/ Which is the heaviest,a pig,a horse or an elephant?(猪、马、象哪个最重?)8、上下文中含有both/either/neither/two/twins等表现两个事物的词时,用比力级,而且往往还要加the;含有all/none/no one/ every 等表现三个或三个以上事物时,用最高级。如: --Do you like the smaller one?—Neither.(小一点的谁人你喜欢吗?一个都不喜欢)/ --Which do you like best? –All of them!(你最喜欢哪个?全部。

)。


本文关键词:ror体育网址,初中,英语,语法,大全,—,形容词,、,副词

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